28 Come to me, all you that labour, and are burdened, and I will refresh you.
Chrysostom: By what He had said, He brought His disciples to have a desire towards Him, shewing them His unspeakable excellence; and now He invites them to Him.
Hilary: He calls to Him those that were labouring under the hardships of the Law, and those who are burdened with the sins of this world.
Jerome: That the burden of sin is heavy the Prophet Zachariah bears witness, saying, that wickedness sitteth upon a talent of lead [Zech 5:7]. And the Psalmist fills it up, “Thy iniquities are grown heavy upon me” [Ps 38:4].
Gregory: A cruel yoke and hard weight of servitude it is to be subject to the things of time, to be ambitious of the things of earth, to cling to falling things, to seek to stand in things that stand not, to desire things that pass away, but to be unwilling to pass away with them. For while all things fly away against our wish, those things which had first harassed the mind in desire of gaining them, now oppress it with fear of losing them.
Chrysostom: He said not, Come ye, this man and that man, but All whosoever are in trouble, in sorrow, or in sin, not that I may exact punishment of you, but that I may remit your sins. Come ye, not that I have need of your glory, but that I seek your salvation. . . . Not, I will save you, only; but that is much greater, “I will refresh you,” that is, I will set you in all quietness.
Rabanus: I will not only take from you your burden, but will satisfy you with inward refreshment.
Remigius: “Come,” He says, not with the feet, but with the life, not in the body, but in faith. For that is a spiritual approach by which any man approaches God.
Scripture from the Douay-Rheims Bible. Commentary from St. Thomas Aquinas, Catena Aurea, Vol. I (London: Rivington, 1842).